Spaying a female dog is not only to prevent unwanted pregnancies and prevent overpopulation. There are a number of health conditions that can result from leaving a dog intact, especially as they age.
Pyometra is one of the diseases that can affect female dogs who have not been spayed and can have serious health consequences and may even be fatal if left untreated. However, what exactly is Pyometra, what are the causes and what can be done to prevent it?
What Is Pyometra?
Pyometra is a secondary infection of the uterus or the womb of the dog. It is most likely to occur in older females but can affect dogs of any age. It normally occurs anywhere from 2 weeks onwards after the completion of a heat cycle. This is a result of elevated progesterone levels that can be present for up to 2 months in order to prepare the uterus for conception.
Pyometra can present itself as either closed or open. Open Pyometra is where the entrance to the womb is open and symptoms such as the excretion of pus from the vulva are noticeable. Closed Pyometra is where the entrance to the womb is closed and the pus cannot escape. Closed Pyometra is considered to be more dangerous as the pus cannot escape allowing pressure to build eventually causing the uterus to burst.
What Causes Pyometra?
A combination of two factors is the underlying cause of Pyometra. Firstly, thickening of the lining of the uterus resulting from increased progesterone production after a heat cycle. Secondly, the introduction of bacteria into the uterine lining is the primary cause of the infection.
Bacteria can be introduced into the womb in a number of different ways. The most common is from a urinary tract or bladder infection. However, poor hygiene and infections that spread from other parts of the body can also enter the uterus.
How To Prevent Pyometra?
Unless a dog is for breeding purposes, the only certain way to prevent Pyometra is to opt for an ovariohysterectomy surgical procedure which is commonly referred to as spaying. The procedure removes the female reproductive organs including the ovaries and the body of the uterus. It is recommended to spay a female dog while it is still a puppy or sooner rather than later.
Depending on the severity of the infection, a vet may opt to treat Pyometra with antibiotic medication or perform an ovariohysterectomy. However, spaying a dog can also be used as a preventative measure to avoid the serious and sometimes fatal consequences of the disease.
If you are looking for trustworthy and reliable veterinarian services, then please don’t hesitate to contact us at 313 Vets. At 313 Vets, we provide the following services for all family pets. Our services include:
- Home Visits
- Desexing & Surgery
- Dental Care
- X-Ray & Pathology
- Hospital Care
- Training & Behavioural Advice
- Palliative Care
- After Hours Access
For all these services and more, please call us today at 313 Vets on 98134755 or feel free to leave an enquiry.