An estimated 7 out 10 cats over the age of 3 years will suffer from dental disease. Dental problems may cause discomfort and pain as well as contribute to other health conditions such as kidney disease, liver and heart problems. These conditions can be fatal. But what causes dental disease in felines and what can be done to prevent it?
What Causes Dental Disease In Cats?
The causes of dental disease in cats is the same as the causes of oral health conditions in humans. Plaque is a type of bacteria that grows in the mouth and feeds off carbohydrates (sugar) that is left behind on the teeth, gums and other parts of the mouth after eating.
Plaque produces acids that compromise the integrity of the enamel or hard outer coating of the teeth. This can lead to periodontal problems such as cavities, gum disease and infections in the mouth.
If plaque is not removed from the surface of the teeth, it can harden into a substance called tartar. Tartar also compromises the enamel of the tooth and provides a habitat for plaque to proliferate. Normally, a dental tool is necessary to scrape tartar away from the teeth.
How To Prevent Dental Disease In Cats?
Just like humans, brushing a cat’s teeth regularly removes plaque and prevents the build-up of tartar. However, it is important never to use human toothpaste to clean a cat’s teeth. Toothpaste contains fluoride and other chemicals that are toxic or poisonous for cats. Pet stores and vets stock brushes and gel toothpaste that are specially designed for cats. These are the only products that should be used to clean a cat’s teeth.
Ask a vet about the best way to clean your cat’s teeth. It is recommended to clean a cat’s teeth at least twice a week but preferably once a day. Start brushing early on so that the cat becomes accustomed to having their teeth cleaned from a young age.
In addition, diet plays an important role in protecting a cat’s teeth from dental disease. Dry food is preferable to soft or wet food. Foods that are low in carbohydrates or contain no carbs are better for cats. There are cat foods available that are specifically designed to protect against dental disease.
It is also recommended to visit the vet every year or so to have a cat’s teeth checked for any problems and to remove tartar that may have occurred. If a cat has developed dental disease, the vet will treat the condition and prevent it from deteriorating further.
If you are looking for trustworthy and reliable veterinarian services for your cat, then please don’t hesitate to contact us at 313 Vets. At 313 Vets, we provide the following services for all family pets. Our services include:
- Home Visits
- Desexing & Surgery
- Dental Care
- X-Ray & Pathology
- Hospital Care
- Training & Behavioural Advice
- Palliative Care
- After Hours Access
For all these services and more, please call us today at 313 Vets on 98134755 or feel free to leave an enquiry.